CNRS370

CNRS370

This course will examine the origins, nature and transmission of myth in the Western Tradition. It will devote particular attention to the interpretation of myth from ancient times up to the present day. Modern theorists discussed may, among others, include Freud; Jung; the so-called “Cambridge Ritualists;” N.Frye; J. Campbell; C. Levi-Strauss; R. Girard; W. Burkett; E. Cassirer.
Prerequisites: None

CLST511

“CULTURAL CONTACT AND INTERACTION IN PRE-ROMAN ITALY: ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND HISTORICAL APPROACHES”

The purpose of this seminar course is to employ archaeological and historical approaches to study of cultural contact and interaction in pre-Roman Italy, in the period between about 1000 and 200 BC (we end just as the Romans brought political unification to the Italian peninsula and neighbouring islands at the end of the 3rd century BC).  Pre-Roman Italy was home to and frequented by numerous different cultural entities (Etruscans, Romans, Phoenicians, Greeks, Samnites, Celts, Cypriots, and various “native populations” to name only some), each distinguished by their own cultural traditions. These traditions produced a world of vigorous cultural contact and interaction at the very crossroads of the Mediterranean.  This topic is usually overlooked or treated superficially in modern scholarship, which has the habit of relegating this highly fascinating episode of cultural history to mere prelude to Rome’s full conquest of Italy. Modern scholars usually give a predominant role in regional development to the stimulus of immigrant populations, especially the Greeks and Phoenicians, who are thought to have encountered backward populations waiting to be civilized.  This course seeks to reverse that trend and to challenge these assumptions.  Did the first five hundred years of Roman history, on the Italian peninsula, not help shape the development and character of the later Roman Empire’s approach to cultural contact and interaction?  Was the Western Mediterranean really as backward as generally depicted today?  We will begin the course with several introductory joint seminars, in which we will be exploring some necessary issues (particularly theoretical models of cultural contact and interaction) for the study of pre-Roman Italy that will need to be broached together for mutual benefit.  The remainder of the course will be devoted to research presentations.  This course will appeal to students interested in archaeology and history and in cultural contact and interaction at a Mediterranean-wide level.  Given the range of potential subject matter addressed in this course, students from various programmes (Classical and Near Eastern Archaeology, Classics, Near Eastern Studies, Ancient Culture, Religion, and Ethnicity, and Religious Studies) will find something of interest and challenge here.

Prerequisites: None

CLST503

A survey course on the sanctuaries of the ancient Greek world from the Iron Age to the Hellenistic period.After reviewing types of sanctuaries, structures in them, and sources for their study (archaeological, literary, epigraphic, etc.) the course will go on to examine various sanctuaries, especially in the Greek heartland (the great athletic panhellenic sites of Olympia, Delphi, Isthmia and Nemea; healing sanctuaries like Epidauros; mystery sanctuaries like Samothrace and Eleusis; oracular sanctuaries like Delphi, etc.)The course will also look at great state sanctuaries like Hera at Samos or Corinth (Perachora) and will present in detail two sanctuaries excavated by UBC teams:Demeter and Kore at Mytilene and a kourotrophic divinity (Eilythuia?) at Stymphalos.Assignments will include short and long oral reports, a 5000 word research paper, and a final examination.
Prerequisites: None

CLST502

This course is aimed at providing a detailed introduction to the topography and above all the monuments of ancient Rome. The monuments will be considered in their topographical context, rather than in chronological order. The harbour towns of Ostia and Portus, as well as Hadrian”s palatial villa near Tivoli, will also be included. The aim is to stress the importance of Rome”s buildings (in many cases) as influential paradigms that were frequently imitated elsewhere in the Roman world, and afterwards. Key aspects of Roman building techniques, of sculptural decoration and of fresco and mosaic decoration will also be covered in detail. Teaching will be by means of seminars, each lasting three hours, with a ten-minute pause in the middle of each.
Texts: A. Claridge, Rome: an Oxford Archaeological Guide, 2nd ed. 2010, is indispensable and should be acquired for this class. For important background information, the essays in J. Coulston and H. Dodge (eds), Ancient Rome: the Archaeology of the Eternal City, 2000, are extremely valuable.
Prerequisites: None

CLST449

Each Honours student in CLST, CLAH, ARGR and GRNE must write a graduating essay. To register for Classical Studies 449, please contact the Undergraduate Advisor (Lyn Rae).
Prerequisites: Honours program declared in CLST, CLAH, ARGR or GRNE.

CLST402

The texts which have survived to us from antiquity form a central pillar in our understanding of the Greco-Roman world, but often we give little thought to the place, function, and form of texts in their ancient context. This seminar will explore ancient texts from a variety of angles. We will examine the technologies of literacy, looking at the material nature of texts from the clay tablets of Linear B to wax writing tablets to the papyrus scroll to the parchment codex to public inscriptions on stone to graffiti. We will discuss how the physical form impacts how a text might have been read, who the audience of a text might have been, and what role its physical form may have played in preservation and transmission. We will explore the relationship between texts and education, between economics and the transmission of texts, between the physical form of a text and how it was used. We will be covering material from Bronze Age Greece to the Roman Empire, reading a range of primary and secondary texts.
Prerequisites: Restricted to Honours and Majors students in CLST, CLAH, CLAS, ARGR and GRNE. Others may ask the permission of the instructor.

CLST401

In 133 BCE Tiberius Gracchus, a sacrosanct Tribune of the Plebs, was lynched by a mob organized by a senatorial faction: the Roman elite had discovered open murder as a political tool and they were never to forget it. Beginning with the death of Tiberius Gracchus and ending in 41 BCE, when the last army commanded by the Roman Senate defeated Mark Antony at the Battle of Mutina, we will explore the chaos, violence, and mayhem of the last years of the Roman Republic, as Rome”s shaky political machinery ground to a halt amid largescale urban violence. Although we will pay close attention to the famous personages of the era – Marius, Sulla, Julius Caesar, Pompey the Great, Cicero, and so forth – we will also examine those lower on the social ladder and the underlying social and political causes for the fall of the Republic.
Prerequisites: Major or Honours program declared, and CLST 232 and / or CLST 352, or with the permission of the instructor.

CLST356

“I suppose there was no race of men, no city at that time, no single person whom Alexander”s name did not reach.” – Arrian,Anabasis 7.30.2.v
A study of Alexander the Great: the historical figure, his legend, and his legacy. It begins with his rise, tracing the nature of Macedonia, its culture and previous kings, especially Philip II on whose successes Alexander”s legend was built.This course first examines Alexander”s accession, campaigns and untimely death and places Alexander in his social and historical context.The second part of the course will examine the legacy of Alexander through the history of the Hellenistic kingdoms and the persistence of Greek culture in the East.This course addresses questions of cultural interaction, assimilation, and conquest through the reading of the ancient sources in order to assess Alexander”s achievements and to understand the unique place which he occupies in visions of the classical past.
Texts:
1.Romm, J. 2012. The Landmark Arrian: The Campaigns of Alexander. Anchor.ISBN-13: 978-1400079674
2.Austin, M.M. 2006. The Hellenistic World from Alexander to Roman Conquest. A Selection of Ancient Sources in Translation. 2nd ed. Cambridge University Press. ISBN-13: 780521535618
Prerequisites: CLST 231 or 331, or permission of the instructor

CLST353

The course focuses upon the Roman empire during the first century AD following its consolidation by the founding emperors Augustus and Tiberius. The performance of certain of their successors is discussed. But the emphasis is upon social, administrative and economic themes. There is investigation of how the provinces and cities of the empire were taxed and governed, and of how certain significant services were provided such as transport and supply of food staples. The nature and values of society are probed through exploration of such varied topics as the status and role of slaves and ex-slaves; the work undertaken by men and women; entertainment; and Roman funeral and burial practices. The fascinating world of Rome is likely to emerge as both less familiar, and more impenetrable and mysterious, than might have been anticipated.
Sensitive exploitation of original source material, both literary and non-literary (all in translation), is an important element throughout. While plenty of guidance will be given, students are expected to read widely for themselves among ancient and modern authors, as well as to take an informed part in class discussions.
Prerequisites: Classical Studies 232 or 331, or permission of the instructor

CLST330

This course traces the development of Greek and Roman art and architecture from about 1000 BCE to the end of the fourth century CE. It is designed as a general introduction to the astonishing and path-breaking achievements by Greek and Roman artists and architects, but these will be set against the social and political context of the societies that produced them. Greeks and Romans were bombarded by images, just as much as we are today, and the course will examine the key role that visual culture played in Graeco-Roman society. The course will focus on the most significant works of art and some of the outstanding buildings produced by the ancients. The emphasis throughout will be on sculpture, painting, and architecture, but the minor arts, such as terracotta, glass, jewellery, coinage and gems will not be ignored altogether. The focus of term 1 will be on Greek art and architecture; Roman will be studied in term 2. This is a 6-credit year-long course with a mid-term test, one course paper and an exam in each term. The course has no prerequisites and should be of interest to students of classical studies, art history, architecture, medieval studies, religion, mythology and cultural anthropology.
Textbooks: the course textbooks are R. T. Neer, Art and Archaeology of the Greek World. A New History, c. 2500- c. 150 BCE (Thames + Hudson 2012) and (for Term 2) N. H and A. Ramage, Roman Art, 5th edition (Pearson/Prentice Hall 2009). Also recommended are J. Pedley, Greek Art and Archaeology, 5th ed. (Pearson/Prentice Hall 2012); and F. S. Kleiner, A History of Roman Art. Enhanced edition (Wadsworth 2007).
Texts:
1. T. Neer, Art and Archaeology of the Greek World. A New History, c. 2500- c. 150 BCE (Thames + Hudson 2012)
2. N. Ramage and A. Ramage, Roman Art: Romulus to Constantine, 5th edition
Prerequisites: None

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