Graduate Seminars

Each year, the Department offers a range of seminars for graduate students in Ancient Mediterranean Studies, Classical and Near Eastern Archaeology, and Religious Studies. Find below an overview of past and present graduate student seminars.


CLST 512A: The Provincialization of Roman Africa: Processes, Practices, and Power (M. McCarty)
CNRS 500A: Christians in Greco-Roman Cities (G. A. Keddie)
CNRS 503A: Mystery Religions (R. Cousland)
CNRS 503C: The Greek City (600-300 BCE) (N. Kennell)
GREK 401B/501B: Greek Prose, Xenophon's Symposium (J. Vickers)
GREK 402A/502A: Greek Verse, Theocritus (M. Hoskin)
LATN 401A/501A: Apuleius’ Apology: The Trial of a Warlock (S. McElduff)
LATN 402A/502A: Latin Verse Epistles (M. Hoskin)
NEST 401/505: Literature of Ancient Egypt or the Ancient Near East (W. Monroe)
NEST 402/506: Early Cities of the Ancient Near East (L. Cooper)


CNRS 500B: Gender in the Ancient Mediterranean (K. Huemoeller)
CNRS 503D: The Ancient Book (C. O'Hogan)
GREK 401A/501A: Biography (Xenophon and Plutarch) (F. Yoon)
GREK 401B/502B: Greek Tragedy (F. Yoon)
LATN 401C/501C: Inscribed History (K. Huemoeller)
LATN 402B/502B: Epyllion and Epic (C. O'Hogan)
CLST 501: Topography and Monuments of Athens (N. Kennell)
CLST 502: Topography and Monuments of Rome (M. McCarty)
CLST 518A: The Archaeology of Ancient Cyprus (K. Fisher)
CNRS 503B/RELG 502A Synagogues and Judaism in the Greco-Roman World (G. Gardner)
RELG 500B/CNRS 504: The Use and Abuse of the Bible in Modern Contexts (S. Milstein)


CNRS 500A/NEST 501B: Approaches to Ethnic Identity in the Ancient Mediterranean World (L. Cooper)
CNRS 502B/CLST 519D: Pompeii: Temples to Toilets (L. Bablitz)
CNRS 503A: Raw Comedy: Plautus and Mime (C.W. Marshall)
GREK 501D: Greek Prose: Herodotus and Thucydides (F. De Angelis)
LATN 501B: Latin Prose (K. Huemoeller)
LATN 502B: Latin Verse: Horace’s Odes (C. O’Hogan)
NEST 506: The Archaeology of the City in the ancient Near East: The Archaeology of Space and Place (K. Fisher)
RELG 502B: Topics in Judaism: Religion and Material Culture in Judaism (G. Gardner)
RELG 514D: Topics in Islam (R. Ahmed)


CNRS 500: Forum Romanum (L. Bablitz)
CNRS 502A/GREK 545: Greek Epigraphy (N. Kennell)
GREK 501B: Greek Prose (TBA)
GREK 502A: Hellenistic Poetry (C.W. Marshall)
GREK 525A/LATN 525A: Epic Transformed, Translations and Adaptations of Greco-Roman Epic Poetry (S. Braund)
LATN 501A: Reading and Writing Latin Prose Texts (S. Braund)
LATN 501C: Latin Prose (S. McElduff)
LATN 502B: Lucan, Civil War (S. Braund)
CLST 502: Topography and Monuments of Ancient Rome (M. McCarty)
CLST 503B: Greek Sanctuaries (N. Kennell)
CLST 511A: Hellenizing Pre-Roman Italy, Archaeological and Historical Approaches (F. De Angelis)
NEST 500A: Interconnections in the Late Bronze Age Eastern Mediterranean (K. Fisher)
NEST 505: Ancient Egypt and the Bible, Interconnections between Egypt and Ancient Israel in the First Millennium BCE (T. Schneider)
RELG 500A/CNRS 502B: Making a Case: Law in Ancient Israel and Iraq (S. Milstein)


CNRS 500: Ancient Mystery Religions (R. Cousland)
CNRS 503C: Digital Antiquity (S. McElduff)
CNRS 503D/GREK 525: Comic Fragments (C.W. Marshall)
GREK 501C: Greek Orators: Murder, Adultery and Government Corruption (C.W. Marshall)
GREK 502D: Pindar and Lyric Poetry (M. Funke)
LATN 501D: Philippics and Their Influence (S. McElduff)
LATN 502C: Virgil’s Aeneid: from Zero to Hero – Aeneas on the battlefield (S. McElduff)
LATN 502D: Lucretius: De Rerum Natura (M. Funke)
CLST 501: Topography and Monuments of Ancient Athens (H. Williams)
CLST 519: Topics in Roman Archaeology: The Art and Architecture of the Severan Period (C. Gorrie)
CLST 518A: The Ancient Greek State in Comparative Perspective: Theory and Reconstruction (F. De Angelis)
NEST 501A: Near Eastern Archaeology, The Philistines (T. Schneider)
NEST 506: The Archaeology of the City in the Ancient Near East: The Archaeology of Space and Place (K. Fisher)
RELG 500E: Images of Eve; Great Women of the Bible (D. Arbel)
RELG 502C/HEBR 509B: Adventures in Reading: Narratives from the Hebrew Bible/Advanced Biblical Hebrew (D. Arbel)
RELG 514A/LAW/RELG 475A: Gender and Islamic Law (A. Chaudhry)
RELG 514B/LAW 342/RELG 475B: Islamic Law and Legal Theory (R. Ahmed)


CNRS 500/RELG 502C: Ancient Jerusalem (G. Gardner)
CNRS 503A: Rising from the Ruins: Neoclassicism and the roots of modern Classical Studies (H. Marshall)
GREK 501A: Herodotus and Thucydides (F. De Angelis)
GREK 502B: Aeschylus (C.W. Marshall)
LATN 501B: Tacitus (C. Gorrie)
LATN 501E: Latin Prose You Should Have Read: A Selection of Great Passages from Cato to Tacitus (S. McElduff)
LATN 502A: Seneca’s Thyestes and its Reception (S. Braund)
CLST 502: Topography and Monuments of Ancient Rome (R. Wilson)
CLST 503B: Greek Sanctuaries (H. Williams)
CLST 511: Greek Regional Archaeology (F. De Angelis)
NEST 501A: Iron Age Archaeology (L. Cooper)
RELG 500C: Images of Eve: Great Women in the Bible (D. Arbel)
RELG 514A: Gender and Islamic Law (A. Chaudhry)
RELG 514B: Islamic Law and Legal Theory (R. Ahmed)
HEBR 509B: Narratives from the Hebrew Bible (D. Arbel)


CNRS 500/CNRS 503E/GREK 525A: Being like Gods: Divine Knowledge and Power in Roman Alexandria (M. Griffin & T. Schneider)
CNRS 503D/LATN 535: TBA (S. McElduff)
GREK 401D/501D: Lucian (M. Funke)
GREK 402E/502E: Homer, Iliad (C.W. Marshall)
LATN 401A/501A: Latin Letters (G. McIntyre)
LATN 402C/502C: Terence (C.W. Marshall)
CLST 501: Topography and Monuments of Ancient Athens (H. Williams)
CLST 509A: Greek Sculpture (C. Williams)
CLST 510A: Roman Sculpture (C. Gorrie)
CLST 512A: Roman Provincial Archaeology (R. Wilson)
NEST 503: Material Culture of Ancient Egypt (TBA)
NEST 506: The Archaeology of the City in the Ancient Near East (L. Cooper)
RELG 502A: Sacred Relics in Early Judaism & Christianity (G. Gardner)
RELG 502B: Jews, Judaism & the Graphic Novel (R. Menkis)
RELG 514A: Reading the Qur’an (A. Chaudhry)
RELG 514B: Islamic Law & Legal Theory (R. Ahmed)


CNRS 500/RELG 500B: The Parables of Jesus (R. Cousland)
CNRS 502A: Roman Lawmaking (L. Bablitz)
CNRS 503D: Ancient Near Eastern Historiography (T. Schneider)
CNRS 503E/GREK 525B/LATN 525B: Scientific Literature in Greek and Roman Antiquity (D. Creese)
GREK 501E: Herodotus and Thucydides (F. De Angelis)
GREK 502D: Sophocles (G. Kovacs)
LATN 501D: Livy (C. Gorrie)
CLST 502: Topography and Monuments of Ancient Rome (R. Wilson)
CLST 503B: Greek Sanctuaries (H. Williams)
CLST 512A: Roman Provincial Archaeology (R. Wilson)
CLST 518A: Greek and Roman Maritime Archaeology (H. Williams)
CLST 518B: The Ancient Greek State: Theory and Reconstruction (F. De Angelis)
NEST 501B: Iron Age Archaeology (L. Cooper)
NEST 502A: War and Diplomacy in Ancient Egypt (T. Hikade)
RELG 502A: Introduction to Rabbinic Literature (G. Gardner)
RELG 502B: Hebrew Bible/Old Testament in Film (D. Arbel)
RELG 514B: History of the Religion of Islam
HEBR 509A: Reading Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Narratives (D. Arbel)
HEBR 509B: Rabbinic Hebrew (G. Gardner)


CNRS 500/RELG 531: Reading Foundational Narratives (D. Arbel and S. Braund)
CNRS 503C/GREK 525A/LATN 525A: Prostitutes and New Comedy (C. W. Marshall)
CNRS 504A/LATN 535/CLST 519D: Mystery Religions and the Rise of Christinaity on the Basis of Archaeology and Iconography (R. Wilson)
GREK 401A/501A: Murder, Adultery and Assault (C.W. Marshall)
GREK 402A/502A: Homer’s Odyssey (M. Griffin)
GREK 402B/502B: Iambic, Elegiac and Lyric Poetry (B. Clausen)
LATN 401A/501A: Cicero, Philippics II (S. McElduff)
LATN 401B/501B: Latin Prose Composition (S. Braund)
LATN 402B/502B: Latin Verse Satire (L. Rae)
CLST 501: Topography and Monuments of Ancient Athens (H. Williams)
CLST 517: Artefacts at the Museum of Anthropology (H. Williams)
CLST 519A: Cultural Contact and Interaction in Pre-Roman Italy: Archaeological and Historical Approaches (F. De Angelis)
NEST 500A: The Archaeology and Culture of the Philistines (T. Schneider)
NEST 503: Studies in the Material Culture of Ancient Egypt (T. Hikade)
RELG 500A: When Time Shall Be No More: Ancient and Modern Apocalypses (D. Neufeld)


CNRS 500/RELG 531: Approaches to the Ancient City (D. Neufeld)
CNRS 503A/LATN 545D: Latin Epigraphy (R. Wilson)
CNRS 503C/GREK 525B: Aristotle and the Purpose of Tragedy (C.W. Marshall)
CNRS 503D/GREK 525A: Greek Love (D. Creese)
CNRS 503E: The Ancient Greek State: Theory and Reconstruction (F. De Angelis)
CNRS 503F: Ancient Near Eastern Historiography (T. Schneider)
GREK 501A: Plato, Protagoras; Republic I (D. Creese)
GREK 501B: Diodorus Siculus and Plutarch (F. De Angelis)
GREK 502A: Aristophanes, Frogs (C. W. Marshall)
LATN 501B: Tacitus (S. Braund)
LATN 502A: Plautus, Truculentus, Pseudolus (C. W. Marshall)
LATN 502B: Vergil, Aeneid (S. McElduff)
CLST 502: Topography and Monuments of Ancient Rome (R. Wilson)
CLST 505A: Greek Sanctuaries (H. Williams)
CLST 512A: Roman Germany (P. Kiernan)
CLST 512B: Roman Britain (R. Wilson)
CLST 517: Greek and Roman Maritime Archaeology (H. Williams)
CLST 518A/CNRS 503E: The Ancient Greek State: Theory and Reconstruction (F. De Angelis)
NEST 501A: The Archaeology of the Neo-Assyrian Empire (L. Cooper)
NEST 502A: War and Diplomacy in Ancient Egypt (T. Hikade)
RELG 502A: Gender, Magic, Ideologies: The Witch Figure in the Ancient World (D. Arbel)
RELG 514A: Theory of Islamic Origins (M. Yazigi)


CNRS 500: Approaches to the Ancient City (D. Neufeld)
CNRS 501/LATN 535: Mystery Religions and the Rise of Christianity (R. Wilson)
CNRS 503A/CLST 519: Death and Dying in the Roman World (L. Bablitz)
LATN 521A: Lucan and his Reception (S. Braund)
LATN 521B: Ancient Rhetorical Theory (S. McElduff)
LATN 525B/GREK 525B: The Classical Commentary: Art and Science (S. Braund)
GREK 501B: Herodotus/Thucydides (F. De Angelis)
GREK 501A: Greek Prose (B. Clausen)
GREK 502A: Tragedy (C.W. Marshall)
LATN 501A: Roman Letters (S. McElduff)
LATN 501B: Apuleius (S. Braund)
LATN 502E: Elegy (S. McElduff)
CLST 501: Topography and Monuments of Ancient Athens (C. Williams)
CLST 506D: Studies in Roman Town Planning (R. Wilson)
CLST 509D: Greek Sculpture (C. Williams)
CLST 511/CNRS 505: Greek Regional Archaeology/Studies in Ethnicity (F. De Angelis)
CLST 512: Roman Africa (R. Wilson)
NEST 500A: The Archaeology and Culture of the Philistines (T. Schneider)
NEST 503: Studies in the Material Culture of Ancient Egypt (T. Hikade)
RELG 500: The Social World of the New Testament (D. Neufeld)
RELG 500A: Studies in the Gospel of Matthew (R. Cousland)
RELG 502A: Magic in Ancient Judaism (D. Arbel)
RELG 502D: Talmudic Law and Literature (R. Daum)
RELG 503: Early Christian Lives (P. Burns)
RELG 514: Theory of Islamic Origins (M. Yazigi)


CNRS 500/CNRS 503B/GREK 525B: Greek Musical Discourse (D. Creese)
CNRS 503A/LATN 525A: Seneca’s Tragedies and their Reception (S. Braund)
CNRS 503C: Latin Poetry Englished (S. Braund)
CNRS 505B/GREK 525A: Greek Stagecraft and Performance (C. W. Marshall)
LATN 545: Seminar in Latin Epigraphy (R. Wilson)
GREK 501A: Xenophon’s Anabasis (C. W. Marshall)
GREK 502A: Hellenistic Verse (D. Creese)
GREK 502B: Homer’s Odyssey (D. Creese)
LATN 501A: Cicero (S. McElduff)
LATN 502B: Myth, Magic and Witchcraft in the Roman World (S. McElduff)
LATN 502C: Latin Poetry 43-27 BCE (S. Braund)
CLST 502: Topography and Monuments of Ancient Rome (R. Wilson)
CLST 503B: Greek Sanctuaries (H. Williams)
CLST 512A: Roman Britain (R. Wilson)
CLST 513A: Maritime Archaeology (H. Williams)
NEST 501B: Archaeological Approaches to Ethnicity (L. Cooper)
NEST 502B: Warfare and Diplomacy in Ancient Egypt (T. Schneider)
RELG 500B: Religions of Ancient Israel (P. Mosca)
RELG 500E: Sacred Space and the Gospels (R. Cousland)
RELG 502A: Art of Rabbinic Narrative (R. Daum)
RELG 503B: Augustine’s “City of God” (P. Burns)
RELG 531: Methods in the Study of Religion (faculty)
HEBR 509A: Readings in Jeremiah (P. Mosca)


CNRS 500: Proseminar in Ancient Mediterranean Studies (D. Neufeld)
CNRS 503B/GREK 525B: Greek Love (D. Creese)
GREK 545B: Greek Epigraphy (F. De Angelis)
CLST 501: Topography and Monuments of Ancient Athens (H. Williams)
CLST 505A: Studies in Greek Town Planning (H. Williams)
CLST 511A: Ancient Sicily (F. De Angelis)
NEST 501A: Archaeology of the Neo-Assyrian Empire (L. Cooper)
NEST 502A: Warfare and Diplomacy in Ancient Egypt (T. Hikade)
NEST 503A: Introduction to Middle Egyptian (T. Hikade).


Term 1

CLST 518B: Archaeologies of Greek Mobilities, Migrations, and Diasporas
Instructor: Franco De Angelis
Monday, Friday 2:30-4:00

Mobility, migration, and diaspora have become central themes in the humanities and social sciences, and the study of the ancient Greeks as a history of movement and connectivity is no exception. Recent research has revealed an outstanding new fact: ancient Greeks may have founded over 500 “colonies” (or about one-third to one-half of the total number of Greek states in the Archaic and Classical periods), which may have been home to more than 40% of all ancient Greek population. In other words, ancient Greek mobilities and migrations represented literally the other half of story of ancient Greece. However, teaching of the subject has not kept pace with advances in research. We currently have two separate narratives of Greek history and archaeology—the older outdated one normally found in textbooks and the newer one that is the focus of this course. They need to be brought together through a diaspora perspective, in order to write an up-to-date fresh narrative history of the ancient Greek world. This seminar course fills that gap and expands the narrow story we tell about the ancient Greeks. The course is divided into two parts. In part one, we lay the groundwork for the subject with several introductory lectures and joint seminars, in which we explore together some necessary matters, such as modern constructions of narratives of ancient Greece and the importance of archaeological evidence to write the history of Greek mobilities, migrations, and diasporas. Some of the matters to be addressed can be formulated as the following questions. What are the most appropriate terminologies to be used in describing and explaining these ancient Greek mobilities, migrations, and diasporas, all of which have traditionally been labelled “colonies” and “colonization”? Is hybridity an appropriate and problem-free way to describe their cultural outcomes? Was Greek art produced outside of Greece “provincial” and “debased” or are other more apt descriptions and attitudes better suited in light of recent advances in theoretical thinking? In second part of the course, students will present their research on subjects they have chosen. Given the range of potential subject matter addressed in this course, students from various programmes will find something of interest and intellectual enrichment to their studies of the ancient world.

CNRS 503D: Ancient and Modern Scholarship: Commentaries and Book Reviews
Instructor: Florence Yoon
Monday, Friday 10:30-12:00

This course focuses on two of the fundamental tools of the scholar’s trade: commentaries and book reviews. Students will explore the history of the interpretation of both classical and religious texts, beginning with the cuneiform Mesopotamian commentary tradition, through classical scholia and the Rabbinic tradition, to the vast range of modern commentaries. Students will learn the basics of textual criticism. We will also examine the nature and function of the modern book review, and students will write several during the course, aiming to produce one of publishable quality.

GREK 502B: Homer
Instructor: Florence Yoon
Monday, Wednesday, Friday 2:00-3:00

Students will read from both the Iliad and the Odyssey. The selection will depend on student interest, but will center either on a theme (i.e. human/divine interaction, hospitality), a structural element (i.e. assembly scenes, direct speech), or a character (i.e. Helen; Nestor/Priam/Laertes). We will also discuss general topics such as the Homeric question, the relation of epic to the “real world”, and influences on and of Homer.

LATN 501B: Reading and Writing Latin Prose
Instructor: Susanna Braund
Tuesday, Thursday 11:00-12:30

The aim of this course is to improve your fluency in Latin and to introduce you to a wide range of Latin prose styles along with some of the key prose texts from Latin literature. The course will do more than can be imagined to improve your grasp of Latin vocabulary, grammar and syntax and your appreciation of Roman ideas and culture. It will also teach you how to use a dictionary properly and how to think yourself into a Roman frame of mind. It is not for the faint-hearted – but the brave will benefit hugely and have heaps more fun than they expect.
The course will consist of exercises in translation into Latin along with close study of a number of important Latin prose texts from several different genres. Assigned texts will include Cicero’s beautiful philosophical “Dream of Scipio” (Somnium Scipionis) from his De Republica and Seneca’s satirical skit against the emperor Claudius, his Apocolocyntosis (“Pumpkinification”). We will also take a look at Latin versions of modern works, such as Harry Potter, as well as the horrors of Latin mottoes and the outrages of Latin tattoos. Part of the assessment will involve group projects where you collaborate to write a short story in Latin.
Course materials will be provided in a packet for purchase.

NEST 500B: The Archaeology of Space and Place
Instructor:Kevin Fisher
Thursday 2:00-5:00

This course explores the role of built environments – from single rooms to urban landscapes – in past societies. Through participation in a series of lectures, seminar discussions, “hands-on” labs, and two research projects, students will come away with an understanding of contemporary (and past) approaches that archaeologists use to understand buildings, settlements and built landscapes. We’ll examine theories linking prehistoric and historic built environments to human and material agency, daily practice, power, identity and social reproduction, as well as concepts such as place, house and household, community and neighbourhood, cityscape, monumentality and memory. We’ll also emphasize the application of methods that can help us understand how various types of buildings affect human behavior, experience, and interaction by encoding and communicating meanings. This includes an introduction to emerging digital technologies for recording, 3D modeling and visualizing past built environments as well as the use of space syntax, environmental psychology, visibility analyses and other approaches and methods that can shed light on people-place relationships. Readings and case studies will be global in perspective and assignments will focus on the application of approaches and methods on local contemporary buildings and archaeological datasets within students’ area of interest. While the focus is archaeological, the course draws heavily on theory and method from cultural anthropology, architecture, human geography, psychology, sociology, and urban planning, and should be of use to anyone interested in the relationship between people and built space, past or present.

RELG 503A: Christianizing Egypt
Instructor: G. Anthony Keddie
Tuesday 2:00-5:00

This graduate seminar will examine the emergence and development of Christianity in Egypt from the first century CE to the rise of Islam. The course will have four units: Gnosticism and Magic; Daily Life and Persecution in Oxyrhynchus; Temples, Churches, and Saint’s Shrines; and, Monasticism. In terms of evidence, it will focus heavily on documentary sources (papyri) and archaeology (mainly art and material culture), although we will also deal with a selection of literary sources. Theoretically, the course will explore different models of religious synthesis (syncretism, bricolage, hybridity, etc.) with a special emphasis on questions of agency and cultural change.

Term 2

CLST 519A: Historical Roman Relief Sculpture
Instructor: Charmaine Gorrie
Monday, Friday 3:00-4:30

This course will examine Roman historical relief sculpture. We will look at the development of this type of representation from Republic precedents and its use on imperial monuments.until late antiquity. Some of the topics that will be examined are the use of narrative, iconography and symbol, the response of the viewer, and the reception of these monuments. The purpose and context of these works within the imperial policy of each emperor will also be considered. While the course will concentrate on monuments in the city of Rome, we will also discuss some examples from outside the capital.

CNRS 500B: Gender and the Legal Imagination in the Ancient Near East
Instructor: Sara Milstein
Tuesday, 2:00-5:00

In a 4000-year-old homicide court case from Babylonia, “jury members” debate the culpability of the victim’s wife, reaching a verdict despite the lack of eyewitnesses (hint: it doesn’t end well). In wills from ancient Syria, inventive patriarchs render their daughters “male and female” so as to keep their property in the family. And in laws and narratives in the Hebrew Bible, men try to skirt the obligation of marrying their widowed sisters-in-law so as to produce heirs for their deceased kin. In this course, we will investigate some of the earliest glimpses of the nascent legal imagination in the ancient Near East (especially Iraq, Syria, and Israel), with a special focus on the intersection of gender and law.

GREK 501C: Plato and the Search for Happiness
Instructor: Michael Griffin
Monday, Wednesday, Friday 9:00-10:00

In this course, we’ll read two of Plato’s most influential dialogues in Greek:
1. The Apology, a version of Socrates’ defence speech at his trial in 399 BCE, including his account of his own life and philosophy. We’ll compare excerpts from Xenophon’s portrayal of Socrates, and from the orator Isocrates.
2. The Phaedrus, an essential source for Plato’s theory of literature, cosmology, philosophy of love, and ethics.
Both dialogues present images of the human good life, and the role of philosophy in cultivating happiness and well-being.

LATN 502B: Virgil’s Aeneid Book 12
Instructor: Susanna Braund
Monday, Wednesday, Friday 12:00-1:00

The aim of this course is to improve your fluency in Latin and to acquaint you with the closing book of Virgil’s epic poem, the Aeneid (studied in Latin) and with the narrative arc of the entire poem (studied in English).
The Aeneid was at the centre of European culture from Virgil’s death in 19 BCE down to the 19th century. Because of this, it influenced generations of elite men who became political and military leaders. Virgil’s story concerns Trojan refugees, fleeing from the destruction of their city of Troy (in modern Turkey) and travelling westwards through the Mediterranean, repeatedly trying to settle until they reach Italy, their destined new home, which was no more an empty land (terra nullius) than were the Americas when the European colonists arrived. Virgil’s hero Aeneas is forced to fight the indigenous peoples, and he is told that after his victory his Trojans will blend with the native Latins and that the city of Rome will arise from this fusion. Since medieval times the Aeneid has often been viewed by its elite male readership as a justification of imperial expansion, especially westward expansion, and of colonialism. In essence, it explains what we (settlers) are doing here, spread through the Americas.
Book 12 with its focus on the duel between Aeneas and Turnus and on Jupiter’s overcoming of Juno’s resistance to the Trojans raises a multitude of issues, including Virgil’s reworkings of Homer’s Iliad, his sympathies for the two warriors, his ‘message’–pro-imperial or anti-imperial?–and his handling of the ending, which has seemed to many incomplete.
Undergraduates will read all of Book 12 in Latin and the whole poem in English, using Sarah Ruden’s translation. Graduate students will additionally read part of Book 1 in Latin and Maffeo Vegio’s Book 13 (written in 1428) in English.
The assigned edition of Book 12 is Richard Tarrant’s edition in the Cambridge Greek and Latin Classics series. All students will need to purchase this edition along with Sarah Ruden’s translation.

Set texts:
Virgil Aeneid 12 edited by Richard Tarrant. Cambridge Greek and Latin Classics. Cambridge University Press, 2012
Virgil The Aeneid translated by Sarah Ruden. New Haven, Yale University Press, 2008.

RELG 500A: Apocalypse and Empire
Instructor: G. Anthony Keddie
Tuesday, Thursday 11:00-12:30

In this course, students explore the origins of apocalypticism in the clash between subjected peoples and foreign empires in antiquity—especially, but not only, between Jews and Christians and the Persian, Hellenistic, and Roman empires. The first unit of the course will focus on the origins and definition of apocalypse as a literary genre and apocalypticism as an ideology while examining the views of empire in apocalyptic texts written under the Persian and Hellenistic empires (e.g., Zechariah, 1 Enoch, Daniel, Sibylline Oracle 3, and the Egyptian Potter’s Oracle). The second unit will turn to the logics and practices of the Roman empire and the apocalyptic texts it inspired (e.g., the Psalms of Solomon, Revelation, material from the New Testament gospels, 4 Ezra, Sibylline Oracle 5, and Shepherd of Hermas). The third unit will consider the reception and revision of ancient apocalyptic visions from late antiquity to the present day with special attention to apocalyptic currents in the Quran, Christian texts from the Crusades, Jewish and Christian Zionism, radical Islamic terrorism, and secular socialist and environmentalist movements.
By the end of the semester, students will have a nuanced and critical understanding of key historical encounters between apocalyptic thinkers and empires. They will also have developed insights into the philosophical question of whether it is easier to imagine the end of the world than the end of empire, or if humans actually imagine empire precisely by imagining the end of the world.