During the year students will concentrate on revising and extending their knowledge of grammar and syntax. In addition, they will read brief excerpts from a wide range of Greek literature.
Notes: Greek 200 satisfies the language requirement of the Faculty of Arts.
1.M. Balme and G. Lawall, Athenaze: An Introduction to Ancient Greek, Book II (2nd edn., Oxford, 2003). ISBN 0-19-514957-2
2.G. Lawall, J. F. Johnson and C. King, Athenaze: An Introduction to Ancient Greek, Workbook II (2nd edn., Oxford, 2004). ISBN 0-19-514955-6
Prerequisites: Greek 100


This course introduces the student to the fundamentals of reading and writing Ancient Greek.

An understanding of the Greek language—the language of Homer, Plato, Herodotus, amongst others, and the language of the Christian New Testament—is essential for those who wish to study the written sources for the ancient Greek world in the original language.  It is also useful as background for those interested in the philosophy, history, literature, art and archaeology in the fields of either Classical Studies or New Testament Studies. In addition, it provides an excellent foundation for the study of works written in Greek in later eras, such as the Byzantine period.

Note: Greek 100 is the first course in the Department’s Greek program, and is required for students wishing to pursue further work in either Classical or Hellenistic Greek.  Greek 100 meets four times per week; students must enroll in both the lecture and tutorial sections.



1.  Maurice Balme and Gilbert Lawall, Athenaze I (2nd ed.)

2.  Gilbert Lawall, Workbook I: Athenaze: An Introduction to Ancient Greek, 2nd ed.


This course will explore the eighteenth and nineteenth-century roots of the modern study of Classics, seeking to understand the discipline as currently practiced in its historical context. Reflecting the interdisciplinary nature of Classics, this course will engage with a number of fields, including: the history of archaeology, with a particular focus on the early excavations at Pompeii and Herculaneum and their cultural impact; representations of antiquity and its ruins in art, with a particular focus on what these images reflect of contemporary attitudes towards the classical past and the place of the classical past in the contemporary imagination; habits of collecting and the rise of museums with large classical collections, focussing particularly on London collectors and museums in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century; the role of texts in the classical tradition, from their place in schools and universities, to issues of translation and publication, to popular media, such as Bulwer-Lytton”s novel The Last Days of Pompeii and stage adaptations of classical sources.
Prerequisites: Graduate standing


Note: CNRS 502A is cross-listed with GREK 525B
Until 60 years ago, the history of Greek comedy was defined by Aristophanes, whose eleven surviving plays are the clearest insight into what the Athenians found funny. Only in the 1950s was a single complete play of Menander discovered. The other playwrights survive only in fragments: Cratinus, Crates, Eupolis, Pherecrates, Plato (the funny one), Alexis, Diphilus, Apollodorus – these names are practically unknown today, but they define the development of comedy from the fifth to the third centuries BCE. The scholarly resources to study early comedy are better now than ever before. We will use fragments (surviving on papyrus and in quotations in other authors), inscriptions, vase painting, mosaics, and all other resources available in order to reconstruct the history of Greek comedy beyond the names of Aristophanes and Menander. In doing so we”ll develop a methodology for reconstructing lost plays, we”ll see how unfunny criticism on comedy can actually be, and we”ll discover jokes about fish and the sexual implications of inappropriate lyre tuning.
This course is open to all graduate students interested in ancient theatre, literature, and history. Those who have completed Greek 301 (or its equivalent) may register in GREK 525; all others register in the (almost) Greekless option of CNRS 503, which is also open to students in other departments.
Prerequisites: Graduate standing


Topic for 2013-14: Ancient Jerusalem in Archaeology and Texts
This seminar will explore ancient Jerusalem from its beginnings as a Canaanite town through the Israelite (i.e. Iron Ages), Persian, Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine eras, up to the dawn of Islam (roughly 1000 B.C.E. to 640 C.E.). This seminar will incorporate close readings of archaeological finds and literary sources, covering the Hebrew Bible and the formation of Judaism and Christianity in the Greco-Roman Mediterranean. All texts will be read in English translation. Graduate standing is required; otherwise, no prerequisites.
Prerequisites: Graduate standing.


This course will examine the origins, nature and transmission of myth in the Western Tradition. It will devote particular attention to the interpretation of myth from ancient times up to the present day. Modern theorists discussed may, among others, include Freud; Jung; the so-called “Cambridge Ritualists;” N.Frye; J. Campbell; C. Levi-Strauss; R. Girard; W. Burkett; E. Cassirer.
Prerequisites: None



The purpose of this seminar course is to employ archaeological and historical approaches to study of cultural contact and interaction in pre-Roman Italy, in the period between about 1000 and 200 BC (we end just as the Romans brought political unification to the Italian peninsula and neighbouring islands at the end of the 3rd century BC).  Pre-Roman Italy was home to and frequented by numerous different cultural entities (Etruscans, Romans, Phoenicians, Greeks, Samnites, Celts, Cypriots, and various “native populations” to name only some), each distinguished by their own cultural traditions. These traditions produced a world of vigorous cultural contact and interaction at the very crossroads of the Mediterranean.  This topic is usually overlooked or treated superficially in modern scholarship, which has the habit of relegating this highly fascinating episode of cultural history to mere prelude to Rome’s full conquest of Italy. Modern scholars usually give a predominant role in regional development to the stimulus of immigrant populations, especially the Greeks and Phoenicians, who are thought to have encountered backward populations waiting to be civilized.  This course seeks to reverse that trend and to challenge these assumptions.  Did the first five hundred years of Roman history, on the Italian peninsula, not help shape the development and character of the later Roman Empire’s approach to cultural contact and interaction?  Was the Western Mediterranean really as backward as generally depicted today?  We will begin the course with several introductory joint seminars, in which we will be exploring some necessary issues (particularly theoretical models of cultural contact and interaction) for the study of pre-Roman Italy that will need to be broached together for mutual benefit.  The remainder of the course will be devoted to research presentations.  This course will appeal to students interested in archaeology and history and in cultural contact and interaction at a Mediterranean-wide level.  Given the range of potential subject matter addressed in this course, students from various programmes (Classical and Near Eastern Archaeology, Classics, Near Eastern Studies, Ancient Culture, Religion, and Ethnicity, and Religious Studies) will find something of interest and challenge here.

Prerequisites: None


A survey course on the sanctuaries of the ancient Greek world from the Iron Age to the Hellenistic period.After reviewing types of sanctuaries, structures in them, and sources for their study (archaeological, literary, epigraphic, etc.) the course will go on to examine various sanctuaries, especially in the Greek heartland (the great athletic panhellenic sites of Olympia, Delphi, Isthmia and Nemea; healing sanctuaries like Epidauros; mystery sanctuaries like Samothrace and Eleusis; oracular sanctuaries like Delphi, etc.)The course will also look at great state sanctuaries like Hera at Samos or Corinth (Perachora) and will present in detail two sanctuaries excavated by UBC teams:Demeter and Kore at Mytilene and a kourotrophic divinity (Eilythuia?) at Stymphalos.Assignments will include short and long oral reports, a 5000 word research paper, and a final examination.
Prerequisites: None


This course is aimed at providing a detailed introduction to the topography and above all the monuments of ancient Rome. The monuments will be considered in their topographical context, rather than in chronological order. The harbour towns of Ostia and Portus, as well as Hadrian”s palatial villa near Tivoli, will also be included. The aim is to stress the importance of Rome”s buildings (in many cases) as influential paradigms that were frequently imitated elsewhere in the Roman world, and afterwards. Key aspects of Roman building techniques, of sculptural decoration and of fresco and mosaic decoration will also be covered in detail. Teaching will be by means of seminars, each lasting three hours, with a ten-minute pause in the middle of each.
Texts: A. Claridge, Rome: an Oxford Archaeological Guide, 2nd ed. 2010, is indispensable and should be acquired for this class. For important background information, the essays in J. Coulston and H. Dodge (eds), Ancient Rome: the Archaeology of the Eternal City, 2000, are extremely valuable.
Prerequisites: None


Each Honours student in CLST, CLAH, ARGR and GRNE must write a graduating essay. To register for Classical Studies 449, please contact the Undergraduate Advisor (Lyn Rae).
Prerequisites: Honours program declared in CLST, CLAH, ARGR or GRNE.

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