CLST204

This course will provide an introduction to Greek and Roman archaeology, from roughly 1000 BCE to CE 600. The course will place particular emphasis on the different types of evidence for our knowledge about the material culture of Greek and Roman antiquity. Two-thirds of the course will deal with such topics as the history of classical archaeology, how sites get buried and how they are discovered, and we will also consider how both sites and artefacts are dated. Topics covered in this section will include aerial photography, field survey, geophysical prospection, environmental archaeology, the role of science in archaeology, and underwater archaeology, and we will also consider the importance of pottery, coins and inscriptions for the study of classical archaeology. The last third of the course will deal first with an introduction first to Greek archaeology, and then to Roman. The approach within each will be topical rather than chronological: introductions will be offered on subjects such as urbanization, rural and economic life, the army, religion and death and burial. There will be a mid-term test, one course paper and an exam at the end.
Textbooks. There is no one adequate introduction to classical archaeology as such. K. Greene and T. Moore, Archaeology: an introduction, 5th. ed. 2010, will be used for the first two-thirds of the course, but it covers more than just classical archaeology. C. Gates, Ancient Cities: the archaeology of urban life in the ancient Near East and Egypt, Greece and Rome, 2nd edition 2011, 205-426 will cover some of topics in the last third of the course. S. E. Alcock and R. Osborne (eds), Classical archaeology, 2nd edition 2012, available on line, is also useful in the absence of anything else, but this is a more detailed textbook and is not aimed at beginners.
Texts:
1.K. Greene and T. Moore, Archaeology: an introduction, 5th. ed. 2010
2.C. Gates, Ancient Cities: the archaeology of urban life in the ancient Near East and Egypt, Greece and Rome, 2nd edition 2011, 205-426
3.S. E. Alcock and R. Osborne (eds), Classical archaeology, 2nd edition 2012 (available on line)
Prerequisites: None